An aerial photo of Holmesburg prison.

Human Research Protections

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Photograph of Holmesburg Prison, the site of unethical research projects that used prisoners as test subjects. The image is in the public domain.

I have provided here information about the protection of human research subjects. In my considered personal opinion, it is clear from the evidence that I have presented on this website that the research of David M. Jacobs, PhD, of Temple University, recently retired, violates numerous principles designed to protect human research subjects.

The Belmont Report

The Belmont Report (Part One: Basic Ethical Principles) (5:44)

The Belmont Report (Part Two: Applying the Principles)

Privacy and Confidentiality

Privacy and confidentiality in human subjects research (5:15)

Paratopia Magazine Articles

The first issue of Paratopia Magazine contains an article by microbiologist Tyler A. Kokjohn, PhD, on “alien abduction” research which addresses the need to safeguard the welfare and confidentiality of participants. It also contains an article by myself on the protection of experiencers as human research subjects.

Kokjohn is a professor of microbiology at Midwestern University. His research interests include a range of subjects in microbiology, virology, and biochemistry. As a scientist, he collaborated on Project Core, a year-long scientific data gathering survey on “paranormal” experiences. Keep up with him through Project Core and his YouTube channel.

Kokjohn and the publishers of Paratopia Magazine, Jeremy Vaeni and Jeff Ritzmann, kindly allowed me to provide PDF files of the articles on this website.

Paratopia Magazine (Vol. 1, Issue 1)

Jack Brewer’s New Book

Author Jack Brewer’s much anticipated book, The Greys Have Been Framed: Exploitation in the UFO Community, is soon to be published. It addresses Jacobs’ research practices, among other relevant topics.

Brewer’s interest in the paranormal and subsequent navigation of the UFO community led him to become convinced critical thinking was often sorely lacking. He supports healthy skepticism balanced with keeping an open mind. Brewer’s research and writing integrate objectivity and relevant facts into assessments of the all too prevalent fantastic UFO dogma. His interests include alleged alien abduction and the intelligence community, and his much anticipated book, The Greys Have Been Framed: Exploitation in the UFO Community, is soon to be published. Keep up with him through his blog, The UFO Trail, and contact him through his blogger profile.

The Grays Have Been Framed

The Greys Have Been Framed: Exploitation in the UFO Community, explores the ways deception, sensationalism, and questionable ethics characterize the UFO genre and distort public perception of the UFO phenomenon. Activities of credulous investigators of alleged alien abduction are considered, as are the roles of intelligence agencies in the theatrics, including thought provocative relationships and similarities between the UFO and intelligence communities. With interviews and insights from James Carrion, Leah Haley, Dr. Tyler Kokjohn, Simone Mendez, Carol Rainey, Emma Woods and others, The Greys Have Been Framed takes readers through the exploitation of ufology as perpetrated by charlatans, intelligence officials and researchers harboring unclear motives. The circumstances, existing from the very outset of the modern day UFO phenomenon, prove relevant no matter what personal opinion one may hold on the mystery of UFOs and their alleged occupants.”

U.S. Office for Human Research Protections

The United States Department of Health & Human Services: Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) is responsible for ensuring that universities uphold the legal protections of human research subjects.

Oral History Exclusion

One area of research that is excluded from OHRP oversight is oral history.

Regulations Timeline

Involuntary Human Research Subjects

Jack Brewer has published a two-part article about involuntary human research subjects on his blog, The UFO Trail.